Introduction to the 1901 Pan American Expo Series

                By: James M. Lawniczak  #17                  

          The Pan American Exposition was held in Buffalo from May 1 to November 1, 1901, in what the exposition organizers correctly thought was the first year of the twentieth century.  Encased cents had just come on the scene, and they were out in force as souvenirs at the exposition.  My article in the April 1999 TAMS Journal gives a more detailed account of the exposition and of these encased cents.

          The most common of the Pan American encased and probably the most common of any of the Indian encased is the four leaf clover variety, which has catalog numbers NY-BUF-PX-10 to -PX-19.  I call this the clover leaf type one, because there is another, much scarcer type of four leaf clover encased which has much lower relief.  I do not know of any of the type 1 clover pieces that have a manufacturer's signature on them, but several of the type 2 pieces have "N.J. Aluminum Co.," the New Jersey Aluminum Company. 

          The clover Pan Am piece is round, 38mm in diameter and its obverse has two small stars near the rim on each side of the cent, the words, Good Luck Souvenir// Buffalo, N.Y./ Pan-American Exposition.  Around the cent are the four leaf clovers, with veins, and coming out at the bottom is a stem that runs between "Buffalo," and "N.Y."  On most die varieties, the stem points left but on one, which was almost certainly the first variety manufactured, it points right.  As seen below, there are variations on the stem that points left -- how long it is and where it points.  There is only one known variety of stem right. 

          The reverse has the words Lucky Penny/ I'm It [with the cent in between]// Pocket Piece.  There are two interlocking horseshoes around the cent.  There is one immediately obvious difference in the reverse dies, at least on pieces that are not very worn.  Some of the dies have the words, "Pat. Appld. for." in the horseshoe above the cent.  Other dies have "Pat. Apr. 23, 1901."  In the listings below, I use the letter "A" to indicate that the piece has one of the first dies, and the letter "B" to indicate that the piece has one of the second. 

          The patent referred to on the "B" reverses is design patent no. 34,390 dated April 23, 1901, issued to Matthew J. Owens and Francis M. Owens of Boston, Massachusetts and good for 3 1/2 years.  They called the encased an "Advertising-Badge."  The design on this patent showed interlocking horseshoes on what was called the "obverse face," and the four clover leaves on the "reverse face," with veins, and a stem, pointing right.  

          There are more differences between the varieties than just the stem direction and the patent information.  Each different variety noted below is a different die.  Because the letters were punched out into each die, they were punched in slightly different positions on the different dies.  I have noted some of the differences in the lettering among the different dies to help you identify them.  I believe that there are as many different varieties of this type as there are because of the number of this encased that were produced.  The life of a die is limited and once a die was retired before the number of desired pieces was produced, another die had to be cut and put in service.  The production needs of this piece required many dies. 

          I have identified eight different obverse dies and five different reverse dies, of which three are the A variety (Pat. Appld. for) and two the B variety (Pat. Apr. 23, 1901).  It appears that the dies were often, but not always, changed together. 

          To identify differences in the reverse dies, I use the notches on the horseshoes around the cent across from the letters.  The notches are in relatively low relief and therefore survive even in worn pieces.  There are four notches opposite the letters on the top and four on the bottom; three on one horseshoe and one on another, in each case.  The different reverses (i.e., A1, A2 etc.), described below, can be identified by the location of the notches.  I have used the location of the top four notches to identify the die varieties.  The "lone notch" is the notch on the horseshoe whose bottom is pointing to the left; it is higher than the "left notch," which is on the other horseshoe.  The "middle notch" is on the same horseshoe as the left notch, to its right, while the "right notch" is the furthest notch to the right.   

          The location of the lone notch in relation to the left notch will usually, but not always, tell you whether you have the "Pat. Appld. for." variety or the "Pat. Apr. 23, 1901 variety, even if those words are worn off.  On the Pat. Appld for. variety, the lone notch is always to the left of the left notch.  If the lone notch is to the right of the left notch, then you have the Pat. Apr. 23, 1901 variety.  There is one Pat. Apr. 23, 1901 variety that has the lone notch to the left of the left notch.  In any event, if you can at least see an outline of the patent words, another way to tell the difference between the A and B varieties is in the location of the words.  The "P," in Patent starts under the C or the K in Lucky on the A (Pat. Appld. for) variety.  The "P" starts under the U of Lucky on the B (Pat. Apr. 23, 1901) variety.

          It makes sense that the die describing an applied for patent came before the die with the actual patent date on it.  Because the stem right variety only comes with the earlier reverse, and because the patent application showed a stem right, it is almost certain that the stem right variety was produced before the stem left.  However, because the stem left is so much more common, it was the first variety I became aware of so that I originally gave the stem left the lower catalog numbers.

          On the Pan American clover encased, the cent is oriented with the cent obverse on the encasement obverse side.  As noted in the introduction, this is unusual for encased cents. 

          The design of the clover on this piece is in high enough relief, and the fields in low enough relief, that every piece struck imparted some of the clover design elements into the cent.  There is usually a short mark on the cent just above the stem, a depression on the rim at the points where there is no clover, like someone filed part of the rim away, and marks on the cent opposite the clovers to match the clovers' veins.  If there are no marks on the cent similar to the above, the cent is a replaced cent.  I saw one piece where the cent was in backwards (the cent reverse was on the side with the clover) but where the cent obverse had the usual marks matching the clover.  An original cent had been punched out and the same cent put back in, but whoever put it back in did not know the correct orientation!  I saw another where the marks on the cent obverse did not match the encasement exactly.  The cent had come out and the same original cent put back in but not with the same orientation.  I punched it out again and replaced it correctly.  I have noticed, on occasions like this where I had an original cent out of the encasement, that the original cent will go back into the encasement tightly, with no light showing through. 

          This type has many replaced cents.  I would estimate that approximately 30% of the pieces I have seen for sale have replaced cents.  Buyer beware!  This piece is so common that a washer type example (a "washer" is an encased cent without the cent) has very little value.  I have bought several for $1.

          I have seen some descriptions of the Pan American clover that are wrong.  There is no thin stem or blunt stem -- as the piece wears, the stem appears, through wear, to be blunter.  There is no piece with "Pat. Appld. 1901."  The patent information is very high relief on the reverse and often is faded or even disappears.  The location of the lone notch or the additional information given below on the B5 reverse will identify the reverse even if the patent information is obliterated.

          Every obverse piece described here has been for sale on eBay in 1999 to 2000.  While there may be other dies not listed here, if there are any they must be pretty rare as they have not appeared in well over a hundred pieces that I have seen either in person or on eBay.  My feeling is that the -16 is the rarest, followed by the -15, which is just a bit rarer than the -10 and the -14, which appear with about the same frequency, followed closely behind by the -11, which is just a bit more common.  Give me a few years more experience, and I might make slight adjustments.  The -12 and -13 are the most common of the obverses, with the -12 appearing a bit more than twice as often as one of the other obverses and the -13 over three times as often.  The -19 stem right reverse is neither scarce nor plentiful; I think it is more common that the -11 but less common than the -12 and -13. 

          None of the reverses is scarce except for the B5 of which I have seen only a few specimens.  It is more difficult to identify the reverses on eBay from the scans, though, so it is possible that some B5s have appeared but could not be identified.  B5 only comes with the -11 and -16 obverses, which also come with A reverses.  The -12 obverse comes only with the B4 reverse, while the -13 obverse comes with an A3 reverse and also the B4 reverse.

          Verbal Quick Die Determination - Obverse

          The following will help you quickly determine what die variety of PX-10 clover series you are looking at:

          Step 1, if the stem points right, it is an -19.  If left, it is a -10 to -16.  The stem right will have squares for the periods and the top of the commas.

          Step 2.  Check the periods and the commas on the stem left.  If the periods and the top of the comma are squares like they are on the -19, you have the -14 variety.  Or, you may have a new variety, so go to step 5, part B to be sure.

          Step 3, part A.  Check to see where the "B" in Buffalo is in relation to the word "American."  If it is over the A, the piece is the most common -13 variety.  Double check by looking at the position of the last period in N.Y.  It will be between the S and I of the line below. 

          Part B.  If the B is between the A and the M, with part of the B over the A and part over the M, then the piece is a -10.  Double check by looking at the stem.  It should be very short, extending no further down than the comma after Buffalo, the shortest of all stems.  Make a final check by looking at the second period in N.Y.  It should lie between O and S of the line below.

          Part C.  If the B is over the left side of the M, with the left side of the B pointing down left of the M, then you have a -12 or a -15, although on the -15 the B might just barely point to the furthest right point of the A.  Go down to step 4 below.

          Part D.  If the B in Buffalo is over the M, with no part of the B outside any part of the M, then you are looking at an -11, -14 or a -16.  On the -11 and -14, the B is more towards the left side of the M, while on the -16, it is more over the right side of the M.  Go to step 5 below.   

          Step 4.  To tell the difference between the -12 and the -15, look at the last period in N.Y.  On the -12, it will be over the S.  For a final check, the comma after Buffalo is above the right side of the N and the stem is of medium length, pointing right to the middle of the N and the E.  On the -15, the final period is over the O.  For a final check, the N in N.Y. is right next to the stem between the E and the X.  The stem is long, extending between the N and the E below the tops of those letters.   

          Step 5, Part A.  To tell the difference between an -11, a -14 and a -16, first look at the final period in N.Y.  If it is over the O, the piece is the -16.  For a double check, the N will be over the X and the stem should be fairly short, very near the comma and extending down only a small amount below the bottom of the comma.

          Part B.  To tell the difference between the -11 and the -14, look at the stem.  On the -11, it is of medium length and points to the left top of the E, fairly far removed from the comma after Buffalo.  On the -14, it is very long, extending well past the E, close to the comma in Buffalo, midway between the comma and the "E."  For a final check, the "O" in Buffalo is over the left side of the "N" on the -11 and is directly over the "N" on the -14.  Remember, the -14 has squares for the periods and commas, not circles.

          Step 6, if nothing matches, you have found a new variety.  Write the author.  

 

          Verbal Quick Die Determination -- Reverse

          If you can see the "Pat. Appld. for" or "Pat. Apr. 23, 1901" words, then you immediately know if you have an A or a B reverse.  However, by following the steps below, you will be able to identify which even if those words are worn off.

          Step 1 -- Look at the four notches in the two horseshoes toward the top of the reverse.  The horseshoe whose legs point left only has one notch in it.  The other horseshoe has three notches.  If the single notch on the horseshoe whose bottom is to the left is not the notch furthest to the left, then you are looking at the B4 variety.  For verification, that single notch should be under the far right of the L, the middle notch on the horseshoe with bottom to the right will be under the very right side of the Y and the rightmost notch will be under the left side of the second N.

          Step 2 --  Check the position of the sole notch on the horseshoe whose bottom is to the left.  If it is under the L, the variety is A1.  The rightmost notch will then be under the first N.  If the sole notch is under the center of the U, the variety is A2.  In that case, the rightmost notch will be under the middle of the two Ns.  If the sole notch is under the right side of the U, the variety is the scarce B5.  To verify, look at the rightmost notch.  It will be under the right side of the first N.  Finally, the remaining variety is the A3.  This is the variety where the leftmost notch is so far left it is wholly outside the L.

 

     On to the actual cataloging of the clover pieces:

[ ]  NY-BUF-PX-10A1.  1901, RD,38mm.  This variety has the stem pointing to the left.  It has the shortest stem of any variety.  The stem points between the "N" in American and the "E" in Exposition and ends even with the comma after Buffalo.  It is closer to the comma than to the "N" in New York.  The "B" in Buffalo is between the A and the M of the line below.  The "N" in American is directly under the comma, and the final period in N.Y. is between the O and the S.  This die variety comes only with the Pat. Appld. for reverse, die variety no. 1.  This reverse has the lone notch to the left of the left notch and under the right side of the L, the middle notch under the Y and the right notch under the left side of the first N.  I have seen a generic clover with a stem right obverse, coupled with the A1 reverse.  $20  

[ ]  NY-BUF-PX-11A2.  Another stem left obverse.  The stem points just to the left top of the "E," and ends in between the two lines.  The "B" in Buffalo is over the M.  The "N" in American is under the right side of the "O" in Buffalo.  The last period after N.Y. is over the left side of the S.  This comes with reverse die no. A2, which has the lone notch also to the left of the left notch but directly under the U, the middle notch between the words but closer to "Penny" and the right notch between the two Ns.  On all pieces I have seen there is a spike coming out of the top right of the K.  This does not look like a die break to me; instead, my best guess is that it is a stray mark made by the die engraver.  On many of the pieces I have seen on eBay, the picture is not good enough to be certain whether this spike is there or not.  The "P" in Patent is under the K in Lucky on this piece.  The "P" is much further to the left on the B reverses.  $20

[ ]  NY-BUF-PX-11B5.  Obverse same die as above, but this time paired with reverse die B5.  This is the "Pat. Apr. 23, 1901" reverse, but with the lone notch to the left of the left notch, as on most of the Pat. Appld for pieces.  The notches on this reverse are very similar, but not identical, to the notches on the A2 reverse.  Here, the lone notch is under the right side of the "U" (on the A2 it is directly under the U.  The right notch is under the right side of the first "N" instead of between the Ns as on the A2.  The differences are not great but can be detected.  $20   

[ ]  NY-BUF-PX-12A3.  This was a new muling when it came on eBay at the end of 1901.  $20

[ ]  NY-BUF-PX-12B4.  The stem is just a tad bit longer than the stem on the -11 obverse but it does not reach all the way to the top of the E as it does on the -13 variety.  The stem points between the N and the E (although closer to the E).  The letter location is very close to the location of the letters on the -11, but not quite.  The "B" is over the left side of the M (it is directly over the M on the -11).  The "N" in American is under the left side of the comma.  The last period after the Y in N.Y. is directly over the S (on the -11 it is over the left side of the S).  The only known reverse that goes with the -12 is the B variety (Pat. Apr. 23, 1901), die no. 4.  This die is the only reverse die that has the lone notch to the right of the left notch.  The lone notch is under the very right side of the L, the middle notch under the very right side of the Y and the right notch under the left side of the second N.  The "P" in Patent is between the L and U in Lucky on this die.  $10

[ ]  NY-BUF-PX-13A3.  The obverse has a long stem, extending just to the left of the top of the E, pointing between the E and the N. The "B" is over the A in American.  The "N" of American is under the comma, as on the -10 obverse.  However, the last period in N.Y. is between the S and the I on this piece while it is one full letter over, between the O and the S on the -10.  This is because the letters "N.Y." are very spread out on the -13 obverse.  In addition, the M of American is under the U on the -13 variety (it is between the U and the B on the -10 variety).  This obverse die is the most common of the Pan American clover varieties.  It is paired with two different reverse dies.  On the first reverse die, die no. 3, the left notches are the furthest left of any of the die varieties.  As this is the A variety, the lone notch is to the left of the left notch.  The lone notch is beyond the left side of the L, the middle notch is under the very right side of the Y in Lucky and the right notch is under the right side of the first N. The P of Patent is under the C on this die.  $10

[ ]  NY-BUF-PX-13B4.  A combination of obverse die no. 13 and reverse die no. B4.  $10 

[ ]  NY-BUF-PX-14A2.  This variety has squares that make up the comma and the periods, like the stem right -19 variety and unlike the circles that are on all the other stem left varieties.  The comma is furthest to the right of any variety, wholly outside the N in American and almost touching the stem.  Otherwise, the lettering is fairly close to the lettering on the -11.  The stem is long, pointing between the N and the E, passing about equidistant from the comma and the "E."  The stem appears to be just slightly shorter than on the -13, just reaching the line of the lower letters.  The B in Buffalo is over the M as it is on the -11.  Fairly rare -- there have been four different examples sold on eBay.  $20  

[ ]  NY-BUF-PX-15A2.  This variety has the longest stem of any variety, extending down noticeably below the line of the bottom letters.  The "B" in Buffalo is over the left side of the M, as it is on the -12.  The last period in N.Y. is over the left side of the O, the only variety where the period is this far to the left; the comma after Buffalo is over the very right side of the N.  Fairly rare, only two examples have surfaced on eBay.  $20 

[ ]  NY-BUF-PX-16A1.  The stem on this variety is very short, though longer than the stem on -10.  Here, it extends very near and just below the comma.  The B in Buffalo is over the M (perhaps just a bit to the right of center of the M), the N in N.Y. is over the X and the last period is over the O.  EB  $20.  This example from eBay in June 2000 is the only 16A1 I have seen or heard of to date.  The piece for sale on eBay was probably a replaced cent.  $25

[ ]  NY-BUF-PX-16B5.  Same obverse as described above, with the B5, Pat. Apr. 23, 1901 reverse.  $20

[ ]  NY-BUF-PX-19A1.  The less common stem to the right obverse, the first variety manufactured, the design pictured in the design patent.  The stem is closer to the "N" in New York than to the comma, stops just short of the top of the lower line and points to the P in Exposition.  The "N" in Exposition is under the right side of the L.  The last period in N.Y. is between over the right side of the S.  The periods and the top of the comma are squares on this piece -- they are round on all the stem left die varieties, except the -14.  This is the only die variety of the stem right that I know of.  I do have one where the reverse is rotated 180 degrees, but that is not a separate die variety.  The stem right always comes with the Pat. Appld. for A1 reverse.  $10

[ ]  (NY)-BUF-PX-20.  1901, SH.  Pan-American Exposition// [running pictured buffalo facing right]\\ KMANGB/ Pat. Apr. 11, '99/ IBGL.  This piece has the type 2 squat horseshoe reverse, of the three different types known to me.  See, NY-KIN-SV-10 for an example of a type 3 reverse and a description of the differences between types 1, 2 and 3.  $25 

[ ]  (NY)-BUF-PX-30.  1901, W. [Leaping pictured buffalo at top of cent]// Pan American Exposition 1901\\ Good Luck/ [large clover at top that extends over the rim] [two horseshoes]// Keep Me/ And Prosper/ Pat Apd for.  I have seen and heard of quite a few replaced cents of this piece and only two with original cent.  It may be the same one or two replaced cents making the rounds, or this piece may have quite a few replaced cents.  Be very careful authenticating this piece.  $75

[ ]  NY-BUF-PX-40.  1901, RD,38mm.  I Am Your/ Mascot/ [two fairly large clovers]// Souvenir Pan-American/ [five lobed leaf on both sides] Exposition, Buffalo, N.Y.\\ Lucky Penny Pocket Piece/ [horseshoe around cent]// IBGL/ [some examples have "Pat. Appld. for" at the bottom and some do not -- my best guess is that the pieces without were weakly struck or the words, in high relief, have worn off]. This reverse is the same die as on the 1902 Souvenir of Charleston Exposition piece and as on the 1904 St. Louis World's Fair piece that was cataloged by Hendershott as H-14-80.  The St. Louis piece that was cataloged as H-14-70 has a similar style reverse, but it is a different die.  $25

[ ]  NY-BUF-PX-41.  Same as -40, except, on the obverse, the two clovers are much smaller, there is no five lobed leaf, the letters are slightly bigger; and on the rev., the letters of "Lucky Penny Pocket Piece" are slightly larger, the notches in the horseshoe are at different points and instead of IBGL at the bottom, there is Save Me/ And Have Good Luck.  $25

[ ]  NY-BUF-PX-42A3.  Same obverse as -40; A3 reverse, as on the clover pieces, with Pat. Appld. for.  CB was the discoverer of this subvariety.  It is a bit rare, I have seen three other pieces since CB's discovery around 1998.  $30

[ ]  NY-BUF-PX-50.  1901, RD,38mm.  Souvenir of Good Luck/ [two small stars]/ [heart shape around cent]// Pan-American Exposition, Buffalo, N.Y.\\ Lucky Penny/ Pat. Appl'd for/ [two crossed wishbones around cent]// Pocket Piece.  $30

[ ]  NY-BUF-PX-51.  Same words as -50 but both obverse and reverse dies are different.  The obverses are different in that, on this piece, the point of the heart points between the "O" and "S" of Exposition.  On the -50, it points to the "O."  The reverses are different in two ways.  On this piece, there is only one wishbone around the cent on the reverse and the words, "Pat. Appl'd for" do not appear.   RG noticed something interesting about this variety.  On both the -50 and the -51, there is always a bit of missing metal on the right side of the edge of the heart, about half way up, across from the "N" in N.Y.  My guess is that there just was not enough metal available to fill that space completely, as this high part of the heart is matched by the high part of the wishbone on the other side.  $30

[ ]  (NY)-BUF-PX-60.  1901, W.  Bostock's/ Great Animal/ Arena// Pan American/ Exposition/ Buffalo, 1901\\ GLKMAP [same rev. as on -30].  I know of only one example of this piece; this is only true of this one, the Oussani piece (PX-180) and the 29mm piece (PX-190).  Frank C. Bostock is listed in the Official Catalogue and Guide of the Exposition as having the Wild Animal Show Concession and being from Baltimore, Maryland.  In 1903, he wrote a book called, "The Training of Wild Animals."  He also had a permanent animal exhibit called Bostock's Arena at Dreamland in Coney Island in the early 1900s; there is a postcard picture of it on the Internet that RG sent to me.  It is a very large structure, with "Bostock" in large letters both over and to the left and right of the arch entrance.  $300

[ ]  (NY)-BUF-PX-70.  1901, RD,38mm.  Pan-American Exposition/ [dustpan around cent with flat edge under cent]// Lucky Coin/ Souv [small horseshoe] enir/ [signature in very small letters at bottom] The Whitehead and Hoag Co. Newark, N.J.\\ I was at/ [picture of large Buffalo around cent standing in grass looking left]// in / 1901.  $125

[ ]  (NY)-(BUF)-PX-80.  1901, RD,38mm, vulcanite, holed in middle for cent to sit in, about twice as thick as the aluminum.  I Am Never Broke// Lucky Souvenir / Patent Applied for\\ [thin paper sticker on back -- picture of the Triumphal Arch]// Triumphal Arch.  This has a blue edge and border, grey black background and yellow lettering.  Another sample has a white edge and border. JL, PAECS (with the white border), all the -80 series should run $100 or so.

[ ]  (NY)-(BUF)-PX-81.  Same as -80 except has orange border and Temple of Music on rev. 

[ ]  (NY)-(BUF)-PX-82.  Another example with an orange border and the Government Bldg. pictured on the rev. 

[ ]  (NY)-(BUF)-PX-83.  Green, with a Night View of Tower pictured (the Electrical Tower at night), printed at the bottom: Night View of Tower. 

[ ]  (NY)-BUF-PX-84.  Dark green, with words on the rev.: Where Does Grass Grow?/ In Mexico/ Your Buffalo/ "Put Me Off"/ Pan American/ Expo. 

[ ]  (NY)-BUF-PX-85.  Red with words on the rev.: You've Got to Show Me/ I'M/ From/ Missouri/ [line across]/ Pan-American/ Buffalo. 

[ ]  (NY)-BUF-PX-86.  Oh Fudge/ "Forget It"/ Perhaps Taint True/ "Put Me Off/ At/ Buffalo". 

[ ]  NY-BUF-PX-90.  Token with man drinking on the back of a buffalo on the obv., with the words "Spirits of Buffalo" and, on the rev., a heavy woman doing the can-can, RD, 38mm.  Pan-American Exposition// Datz Co., N.Y./ Buffalo, N.Y.\\ The Lucky Coin/ [Horseshoe around token]// Keep Me/ And You Will Always Be Broke.  Not all that rare, it appears about once every year or so  $200

[ ]  OH-CLE-PX-100.  1901, RD, 38mm.  NORTH// Cleveland O, U.S.A./ Pan-American Souvenir\\ Good Luck [clover at top]/ [horseshoe and star on the left side, wishbone and star on the right]// Keep Me/ And Prosper.  $100, some pretty worn examples have sold for much less.

[ ]  NY-BUF-PX-110.  1901 English farthing, R, 38mm.  To/ Uncle Sam/ [grasping hands]/ Ould Granu/ Pan American/ [two small clovers]// Lucky Pocket Piece/ Buffalo N.Y./ 1901\\ "Caed/ Mille Falthe"/ [rabbit's food, horseshoe, clover, wishbone on each side]// Dhuc A Dherish// [very small letters] W & H Co. Newark N.J.  $50

[ ]  (NY)-BUF-PX-120.  1901, RD,35mm.  "Use Easybright Polishes"/ Pan-American Buffalo 1901// Don't/ Lose Me\\ KMANGB/ Reg'd Trade Mark/ [horseshoe around cent]// IBGL.  $100

[ ]  NY-BUF-PX-130.  1901, RD-O,32mm, cent off center towards the bottom.  Pan-American Exposition/ Buffalo, N.Y.// Good/ Luck\\ [clover, horseshoe and wishbone at top]// [vertically going down to left of cent] Good [vertically going up to right of cent] Luck/ [extremely small letters at bottom:] W & H Co./ Newark N.J.  $50

[ ]  (NY)-BUF-PX-140.  1901, pan shaped (has groove for pouring) with handle (holed at end to hold pin) and pin.  Pan is 29mm, handle is 24mm, pin is 45mm.  Inside the pan: Pan American/ [two stars]// Lucky Penny\\ [back of pan] Buffalo Exposition// [two stars]/ 1901.  On the handle: Buffalo\\ I'm it. $100 ($20 less without the pin, another $30 or more less if the handle is broken)

[ ]  NY-BUF-PX-150.  1901, RD,38mm.  [Cow's head and ornate design at top]/ Pan American/ Exposition// Souvenir/ Buffalo, N.Y.\\ [horns of plenty at top spilling food]// Good Luck and/ Prosper.  $60

[ ]  (NY)-BUF-PX-160.  1901, RD,38mm.  [five oval shapes in chains around the cent, with words or shapes in each chain]: [chain 1 at the top] 20th/ Century/ Penny [chain 2 to its left] From/ the [chain three to the right of chain 1] Grounds/ of the// [chain 4 is very long and becomes narrow at the cent and thus is in two sections -- to the left] Pan American [then to the right] Exposition/ 1901 [the last chain is not connected and is at the bottom and has a picture of a Buffalo leaping to the left in it]/ [small signature at bottom] W & H Co Newark N J \\ GLKMAP.  The first report I had on this interesting piece was from the PAECS.  Then, RG found one of these in 2001 and sent me a scan.  He later found another and sent me the first one.  I have only ever heard of the three pieces.  $200

[ ]  (NY)-BUF-PX-170.  1901, pan shaped (with groove for pouring), cent hooked in with four metal flaps round hole at end of handle for pin, brass.  Pan is 37mm, handle is 34mm, pin is 45mm.  Pan American Exposition// [two very small stars]/ Buffalo\\ Nothing on rev. except the four flaps are folded out leaving small space to see part of cent rev. and lettering shows through.  On handle: Souvenir.  $80

[ ]  NY-BUF-PX-180/NY-NYC-YA-10.  1901, W, holed at top.  Yak Oussani & Co./ Mfgrs./ Egyptian King/ Cigarettes [to left of cent, vertically going up] Exclusive Right/ For Pan American [to right of cent, vertically going down] Exhibition/ Mfrs. Bldg/ Buffalo, N Y 1901// Main Depot/ 14 Park Place N.Y.\\ GLKMAP/ [W & H signature].  RG acquired this on eBay at the end of 2000 for a very low price because it was not well indexed by the seller.  It is the first new type of Pan Am Expo piece to come to my attention since my TAMS article came out in April 1999.  Yak Oussani appears on page 102 of the Official Catalogue and Guide to the exposition, in the Manufacturers and Liberal Arts building, listed under "Oussani" as selling cigarettes and being from New York, N.Y.  Rodriguez, Salvador of New York, N.Y. is the only other tobacco company listed, for cigars.  $300  

[ ]  (NY)-BUF-PX-190.  1901, RD,29mm.  Buffalo Exposition/ [star each side of the cent]// 1901\\ Pan American/ [star each side of the cent]// Lucky Penny.  I saw this piece for the first time in May, 2001, when Ed Karn of Allen Coin Shop allowed me to look through his large collection of encased coins.  $250

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